Vitiligo / penyakit kulit belang

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Vitiligo is an autoimmune disease that attacks the melanocytes in the skin. Melanocytes are the cells in the skin  that are responsible for producing pigment. They determine what “color” your skin is. When these cells are destroyed there is no pigment being produced. These changes are more visible in people with darker skin colors. The effected skin feels normal but has no color and is more sensitive to sunburning. Vitiligo tends to occur on the face, the hands, body openings such as the mouth, belly button and genitalia and body folds such as the armpits. Vitiligo affects between 0.5-1% of the population. About half of the people who develop this skin disorder experience some pigment loss before the age of 20, and about 1/3 of all vitiligo patients say that other family members also have this condition. The most famous person that was said to have Vitiligo is Michael Jackson. Because he was visibly in the public eye as a dark skinned child, it was striking to see his skin color lighten so drastically over the years through his adulthood. Michael Jackson claimed he had the skin condition Vitiligo and still rumors were spread that he was “bleaching” his skin to have a lighter appearance. Even through his sex abuse trial, a victim claimed MJ had “spots” on his penis which fits with the diagnosis of Vitiligo.
Vitiligo is not curable at this time. If a small area (<50% of the body )is effected by Vitiligo, the patient is a candidate for repigmentation therapy. If the patient is not a candidate (<50%) they are a candidate for depigmentation (which most people aren’t a fan of). Like Michael Jackson, this makes a darker skin person appear whiter.

Vitiligo adalah penyakit autoimun yang menyerang melanosit di kulit. Melanosit adalah sel-sel di kulit yang bertanggung jawab untuk memproduksi pigmen/pewarna kulit. Mereka menentukan apa “warna” kulit anda. Ketika sel-sel ini hancur tidak akan ada pigmen yang diproduksi. Perubahan ini lebih terlihat pada orang dengan warna kulit lebih gelap. Kulit masih terasa normal tetapi tidak memiliki warna dan lebih sensitif terhadap sengatan sinar matahari. Vitiligo cenderung terjadi pada wajah, tangan, bukaan tubuh seperti mulut, pusar, alat kelamin dan lipatan-lipatan tubuh seperti ketiak. Vitiligo menjangkiti antara 0,5-1% dari populasi manusia. Sekitar setengah dari orang-orang yang menderita gangguan kulit ini mengalami pengurangan pigmen sebelum usia 20, dan sekitar 1/3 dari semua pasien vitiligo mengatakan bahwa anggota keluarga yang lain juga memiliki kondisi seperti ini. Orang paling terkenal yang mengalami Vitiligo adalah Michael Jackson. Karena dia jelas tampak di mata publik sebagai anak berkulit gelap waktu kecil, dan warna itu berubah drastis selama bertahun-tahun sampai ia dewasa. Michael Jackson mengatakan bahwa ia memiliki kondisi kulit Vitiligo, dan rumor mengatakan bahwa ia “memutihkan” kulitnya agar penampilanya lebih samar. Bahkan ketika sidang pelecehan seks yg di alaminya, korban mengaku bahwa MJ memiliki “titik2” pada penisnya yang cocok dengan diagnosis Vitiligo.
Vitiligo tidak dapat disembuhkan. Jika area kecil (<50% dari permukaan tubuh) terkena Vitiligo, pasien dianjurkan untuk terapi repigmentation. Jika pasien terlanjur terkena lebih, mereka disarankan di depigmentasi. Seperti Michael Jackson, membuat orang kulit gelapnya menjadi terlihat putih.

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